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What Are The 5 Basic Parts Of a Desktop Computer

Ivy PedersenOctober 18, 2021, ,
What Are The 5 Basic Parts Of a Desktop Computer

Whether it's a home PC or a gaming system, the five main components that make up a typical, present-day computer include:

  • A motherboard
  • A CPU (Central Processing Unit)
  • A GPU (Graphics Processing Unit)
  • RAM (Random Access Memory)
  • Storage: Solid State Drive or Hard Disk Drive 


A motherboard is the circuit board of a computer. It holds all components together and gives them power, so you can't have one without its partner in crime-the CPU (or central processing unit). The Raspberry Pi was built by BBC Micro founders SteveUK back when he created this world's first low-cost teaching device with programming capability for schools - way ahead of its time!

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

The CPU is the brain of a computer, thanks to its direct plug connection and communication with all other components.

The processor is a computer's most important component. Without it, programs cannot execute, and the machine remains useless to its users. 

The processor is a very complex piece of hardware, and it needs something in order to process your code. Assembly language provides this—a way for the machine's brain (the CPU) to break down every line you write so that its circuits can understand everything.

Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)

Video game graphics cards are an essential component of computer systems. They allow gamers to enjoy high-end visuals, like those found in many different types of video games. However, these same chips also come with other uses for professionals who rely on images, such as 3D modelers using resource-intensive software.

Graphics cards are no doubt an important part of any computer system. They allow the display monitor to function properly by communicating with it directly.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

RAM is also known as volatile memory. It stores data regarding frequently accessed programs and processes. This helps with the startup times of both games as well as applications you may be using on your computer at any given moment, so they close faster after being opened for use by pressing F2 or some other keystroke shortcut from within those respective apps themselves!


All computers need a place to store their data. Modern-day hard drives and solid-state drives (SSDs) have different uses and qualities depending on what you're looking for in your computer, but it can be HDD or SSD at will- it's up to the user!

 We hope this blog post was informative for you. If you want to read more such articles, visit PAVIUS.

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